GIFT Report - Urban China & Rural China
Mon 23rd September 2013 - Sat 30th November 2013
Report by GIFT Bursary Peter McCory A comparison through Living with indigenous people.
Urban China and Rural China: A comparison through living with indigenous people.
By Peter McCrory
After an amazing year in China, I have met and spent time with many and diverse people, from Tibetan monks to Mongolian horse herders, however in this essay I would like to focus on my time spent with two families, one wealthy and urban and the other poorer and rural.
Kenny's father owned a business selling electronic goods while his mother ran a small tobacconist and wine selling business. He lived in a comfortable apartment and had all the latest technology at his disposal.
The other family I want to talk about are the family of Myles, an English teacher at our school and our closest friend in the town we taught in. Myles' family were from a small village about an hours drive from Ningxian, the town we lived and taught in. They were much poorer,
Myles, a teacher, was the highest eamer and he earned only f.240 per month. His relatives either worked on the family's small farm or had left as migrant workers to work as labourers. We were invited by Myles to spend a long weekend with him and his family at their farm.
The first topic I would like to discuss is education. As I mentioned previously, Kenny attended one of the most prestigious schools in western China. The standard of equipment and educational facilities were equal to any western school, and better than some. He also benefitted from a number of foreign teachers and attended extra curricular activities such as the Model UN. He intends to go to America to study at university. His workload was extraordinary, he spent most nights studying from the time he arrived home until he went to bed, only stopping to eat.
Myles however, attended the school he and I taught at. Like most of the school's current students, Myles boarded at the school, only seeing his family at weekends or holidays. Our school was considered the best in the county, but nonetheless paled in comparison to Kenny's in terms of both facilities and standard of education. The school had cramped classrooms, particularly in its older building where the sixty students in each class barely had room to breath, never mind study.
Extra-curricular activities were non-existent, bar the English Corner myself and my fellow volunteer held on a Sunday afternoon. However standards were improving, Myles told us how he would bring a supply of bread from his house at the start of each week and eat nothing but bread and water, but now the school has built a canteen that provides pupils with low cost food, and the schools newer building had much more spacious classrooms. Myles did very well in his university entrance exams and intended to study at a prestigious Shanghai university, but was unable to pay the tuition fees so had to go to a cheaper alternative in Lanzhou. Although Myles' family did not receive as good an education, I learned that they were still highly intelligent. I had had a conversation with Myles' brother, who dropped out of school at 15, about Shakespeare, and he'd even read many Russian novels such as War and Peace.
One strong similarity between the two schools was the extremely large workload placed on the pupils. My schools wake up call was at quarter to six in the morning and school finished at 5 at night followed by mandatory study sessions after dinner until nine pm. Students in Senior 3, the year they take their university entrance exams, were given one afternoon off a week. The huge competition for university places in China means students work themselves to the quick in order to get a high enough grade. Also the Chinese ducation system encourages rote learning over more creative thinking or working things out for yourself, again ncreasing workload as students attempt to learn answers to questions without necessarily understanding them fully.
The next topic is leisure and how free time is spent. Kenny and his family were much more