Update on Polio Eradication.

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Polio Eradication Update

For The Week Ending 28/12/13

 

The Final Three Endemic Countries

Pakistan - 77 Polio cases recorded in 2013 compared to 57 on this date in 2012, with the most recent case reported on Nov. 26, 2013 in North Waziristan. The situation is critical in the North where local leaders have suspended Polio immunizations since June of 2012.

 

Afghanistan - 11 Polio cases recorded in 2013 compared to 35 on this date in 2012. All 11 cases have been linked to cross-border transmissions with neighbouring Pakistan. So, when we wipe out Polio in Pakistan, it seems likely that Afghanistan will follow!

 

Nigeria - 50 Polio cases recorded in 2013 compared to 118 on this date in 2012, with the most recent cases (from Kano) reported on Sept. 10, 2013. Polio is increasingly geographically restricted in Nigeria. Despite this being the rainy (high transmission) season, only 4 Polio cases have been reported in the last month and they have all come from the Kanod & Borno States.

 

Importation Countries

Syria - 17 Polio cases recorded in 2013. A large-scale immunization drive targeting 1.6 million children with vaccinations for Polio, Measles, Mumps, & Rubela started on Oct. 24. Large-scale SIA's targeting 22 million children in Lebanon, Turkey, Jordan, Egypt, Iraq, and Palestine, will continue for 6 -8 Months.

 

Somalia - 183 Polio cases recorded in 2013, with the most recent reported on Oct. 9 in Lower Shabele.

 

Kenya - 14 Polio cases reported in 2013, with the most recent case reported on August 14.

 

Ethiopia - 6 Polio Cases reported in 2013, with the most recent case reported on October 20.

 

Cameroon - 4 Polio Cases reported in 2013, with the most recent on Oct. 30.

 

Israel - Although no paralytic Polio cases have been reported, environmental samples continue to indicate the presence of Type 1 Polio virus.