Update on Polio - as of 1st June 2017
26/6/17 The last reported case was 14th February,16 weeks ago.We need to go 156 weeks without a case in the world before eradication is complete, we are now 156 minus 16 = 140 to go!
Headlines: Delegates to the World Health Assembly discussed how to finish the job and address the challenges of the post-polio world last week in Geneva.
· After a polio outbreak, how do experts make sure that the virus is gone for good? Find out more about finding that needle in the haystack.
· In May, the Emergency Committee of the International Health Regulations removed Lao People’s Democratic Republic from the list of polio-infected countries after a comprehensive outbreak response.
Afghanistan: No new wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases were reported in the past week. The total number of cases for 2017 remains three, and for 2016 remains 13. The most recent case had onset of paralysis on 21 February, from Kunduz province. With most of Afghanistan polio-free, efforts are focused on continuing to strengthen operations, in close coordination with Pakistan, to address remaining low-level transmission in the common reservoir area of the Quetta-Kandahar corridor.
· Afghanistan is carrying out a programme review focusing on the implementation of the National Emergency Action Plan and making necessary adjustments for the second half of 2017.
Pakistan: No new wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) cases were reported in the past week. The total number of WPV1 cases for 2017 remains two, and for 2016 remains 20. The most recent case had onset of paralysis on 13 February, from Diamir district, Gilgit Baltistan.
One new positive WPV1 environmental sample was reported in the past week, from Quetta, Balochistan, collected on 12 May.
· The year 2016 saw the lowest ever annual number of polio cases in the country but poliovirus continues to be isolated through environmental surveillance over a significant geographical range. Efforts are ongoing through implementation of the national emergency action plan to address remaining gaps in coverage and surveillance, in close coordination with neighbouring Afghanistan.
Nigeria: No new cases of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) were reported in the past week. The total number of WPV1 cases for 2016 remains four. The most recent case had onset of paralysis on 21 August in Monguno Local Government Area (LGA), Borno.
Nigeria continues to implement emergency response to the detected WPV1 strain and circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2) strains affecting the country.